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Showing posts from September, 2013

History of carnivals in Belize: A brief literature review

This article is an excerpt from a publication entitled Carnival in Caledonia: A preliminary ethnographic profile of carnival practices (2013). The paper describes and discusses the cultural forms and meanings of pre-Lenten carnival in Caledonia, Corozal. The publication is available at the Institute for Social and Cultural Research in Belmopan, Belize.
An appropriate definition of carnival is to say that it is a “fusion of street theatre, music, costume and dance” (Herne, Burgess-Macey, & Rogers, 2008, p. 265). A broader definition articulates that carnival is a “collective expression of the perceptions, meanings, aspirations, and struggles engendered by the material conditions of social life and informed by the cultural traditions of the group” (Green & Scher, 2007, p. 6). These perspectives are a challenge to classic definitions which identify carnival origins in Europe as ‘pagan’ practices (BriceƱo, 1981). However, pre-Lenten carnival practices in Belize are of mixed ‘origin…